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关于《统一国际航空运输某些规则的公约》 限额更改的通知

尊敬的航空货运业界同仁:

《统一国际航空运输某些规则的公约》(以下简称1999年《蒙特利尔公约》是以统一国际航空运输规则和国际航空运输承运人责任为主要内容的多边国际公约。根据公约第二十四条规定,责任限额在公约生效后由国际民航组织(以下简称ICAO)每隔五年复审一次,并在复审结果表明通货膨胀因素已超过百分之十时,修改责任限额。ICAO目前完成了复审工作,根据国际货币基金组织公布的数据,ICAO确定的通货膨胀因素为13.9%,ICAO决定对于公约相关责任限额进行修改,建议对每公斤货物的赔偿责任限额由19特别提款权提高至22特别提款权,所修改的责任限额自2019年12月28日起对1999年《蒙特利尔公约》所有当事国生效。

根据IATA货运服务大会(CSC)建议:

1)  建议航空公司通知其托运人,货运代理人,保险商和索赔部门,每公斤货物

的赔偿责任限额由19特别提款权提高至22特别提款权,所修改的责任限额自2019年12月28日起对1999年《蒙特利尔公约》所有当事国生效。

2)  根据IATA第600b号决议(航空货运单背面的契约条件)的脚注1,IATA秘书长对于第600b号决议进行了相应的修改,该修改的决议随附并于2019年12月28日起生效。提醒航空公司采取相应的措施,尤其是涉及反映当前责任限额的现行航空货运单的使用,应通知其托运人,货运代理人,保险商和索赔部门,每公斤货物的赔偿责任限额由19特别提款权提高至22特别提款权,所修改的责任限额自2019年12月28日起对1999年《蒙特利尔公约》所有当事国生效。

    责任限额修改后并立即生效的IATA第600b和第600i号决议随附。特此通知。

                                           国际航空运输协会北京办事处

                                            二〇一九年十二月二十六日

To Whom It May Concern,

The Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air, done at Montréal on 28 May 1999 (commonly known as the Montreal Convention of 1999 or MC99) establishes in Article 22 the liability limit of the air carrier for damages in relation to the carriage of cargo. The liability limit is expressed in Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), a unit of currency whose value is set by the International Monetary Fund. Today the MC99 liability limit for cargo is 19 SDR per kilo.   

As many of you are aware, MC99 provides in Article 24 (Review of Limits) a built-in mechanism, sometimes referred to as the escalator clause, which sets out the process for a review and revision of liability limits by the ICAO Council every 5 years.  ICAO basis its decision to increase the liability limit on a consumer price inflation-index; if such index demonstrates an inflation increase by a factor in excess of 13% over the last time the limits were increased, ICAO will recommend a corresponding adjustment to its Member States.   In April of this year, the ICAO Council determined that the inflation threshold had been triggered by a factor of 13.9% and proposed an increase from 19 SDR per kilo to 22 SDR per kilo.    

Member States have until September 30, 2019 to disapprove of the liability limit increase, however, it is fully expected that that a majority of Member States will not object to the increase and the new limit will be declared effective as of December 28, 2019.   

Accordingly, the CPCMG notifies the CAC and CSC Accredited Representatives that:

1)    Carriers are advised to notify their shippers, cargo agents/forwarders, insurers, and claims

departments of the increased liability limit from 19 SDR per kilo to 22 SDR per kilo for carriage of cargo governed by MC99 taking place on or after December 28, 2019; and 

2)    As authorized by footnote 1 of Resolution 600b (Conditions of Contract on Reverse Side of the Air Waybill) IATA Secretariat has now made the corresponding editorial change to Resolution 600b as attached with the effective date 28 December 2019.  Carriers are cautioned to take all necessary and appropriate advisory action, particularly if using air waybill stock reflecting the prior liability limit, to notify their shippers, cargo agents/forwarders, insurers, and claims departments of the increased liability limit from 19 SDR per kilo to 22 SDR per kilo for carriage of cargo governed by MC99 taking place on or after December 28, 2019.   

A corresponding change is also being made to Resolution 600i and attached to this email.

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